Eastern Sarus Crane
Eastern Sarus Crane is 1 of 15 species of the Wildlife Conservation and Protection Act of B.E. 2535. Eastern Sarus Crane is classified as Extinct Species in the wild. For Thailand, the last Eastern Sarus Crane was found in B.E. 2511 near Cambodia’s border area.
The cooperation between Thailand and International Crane Foundation (ICF) have worked jointly on the Crane Reintroduction Project (G. a. sharpii) starting in B.E. 2525. In B.E. 2527, ICF sent six chicks but one was dead. In August B.E. 2532, ICF gave another six chicks, all were reared at Bangphra Breeding Research Center. The project has provided breeding stock from others source because they was not enough. Later, during B.E. 2532-2540, Korat Zoo received a number of chicks from Thai-Laos Cambodia border’s people so the project contacted Korat Zoo for exchange experience with each other.
Korat Zoo is the largest crane breeding center in Thailand. Both natural breeding and artificial insemination were used in reproduction since B.E. 2540 until present. Korat Zoo started reproducing in captivity with 26 cranes until in June B.E. 2552, there are more than 100 cranes. Khao kheow Open Zoo and Bangphra Water Bird Breeding Research Center also succeeded in reproducing more than 50 cranes. The zoo had focused on the reintroduction of cranes into the wild in 6 areas such as Bueng Khong Long Non-Hunting Area, Bong Khai Non-Hunting Area, Bueng Boraphet Non-Hunting Area, Huai Talat Reservoir and Huai Jorakhemak Reservoir Non-Hunting Area, Bangpra Non-Hunting Area and Phu Khieo Wildlife Reserve.
Formerly, In B.E. 2540, Thailand released three of captive-reared cranes back to nature at Tung Ka Mung but it was not successful.
In B.E. 2554, during March – May, the Sarus Crane Reintroduction Project Thailand and Nakhon Ratchasima Zoo have released 10 sarus cranes age between 5 – 8 months back to nature at reservoirs of Huai Jorakhemak in Burirum. The monitoring result showed Sarus Cranes have survived in the wild. Next year, nine Sarus Cranes were released to natural wetlands, Sanambin Resevoir in Burirum.
At Chiangmai Zoo, we have displayed 2 species of cranes as Sarus Crane and Grey Crowned Crane.